Section 529 plans provide a tax-advantaged way to help pay for college expenses. Here are just a few of the benefits:
- Although contributions are not deductible for federal purposes, plan assets can grow tax-deferred
- Some states offer tax incentives for contributing in the form of deductions or credits
- The plans usually offer high contribution limits, and there are no income limits for contributing
Prepaid tuition plans
With this type of 529 plan, if your contract is for four years of tuition, tuition is guaranteed regardless of its cost at the time the beneficiary actually attends the school. This can provide substantial savings if you invest when the child is still very young.
One downside is that there is uncertainty in how benefits will be applied if the beneficiary attends a different school. Another is that the plan does not cover costs other than tuition, such as room and board.
This type of 529 plan can be used to pay a student’s expenses at most post-secondary educational institutions. Distributions used to pay qualified expenses (such as tuition, mandatory fees, books, supplies, computer equipment, software, Internet service and, generally, room and board) are income-tax-free for federal purposes and typically for state purposes as well, thus making the tax deferral a permanent savings.
The biggest downside may be that you do not have direct control over investment decisions; you are limited to the options the plan offers. Additionally, for funds already in the plan, you can make changes to your investment options only twice during the year or when you change beneficiaries.
Each time you make a new contribution to a 529 savings plan, you can select a different option for that contribution, regardless of how many times you contribute throughout the year. Also, every 12 months you can make a tax-free rollover to a different 529 plan for the same child.
As you can see, each 529 plan type has its pluses and minuses. Whether a prepaid tuition plan or a savings plan is better depends on your situation and goals. If you would like help choosing, please contact us.