Many companies use surveillance to monitor their employees at work, but they often don’t tell them. This might not be a good idea because when employees know they’re being observed, they’re usually less likely to do something wrong. For instance, when there are security cameras that employees can see, it makes them less likely to steal things. The trick is finding the right balance of information to share without giving away too much.
Frequently Used Controls & Policies
Honesty and trust are essential to a healthy, productive workplace. So, you need employees to know you’re taking actions to prevent fraud. On the other hand, you don’t want to provide so many details about antifraud controls that thieves can work around them.
Following are a few frequently employed antifraud policies and how you might communicate them to workers:
Surprise audits. Employees should know that audits can be conducted by skilled auditors without notice. However, they shouldn’t be able to predict exactly when these audits will occur. Make sure no detectable pattern exists (for example, when certain individuals take time off) that would allow dishonest workers to schedule their fraudulent activities.
Internal fraud investigations. If your company has a dedicated antifraud group, let employees know what it monitors and investigates. Understanding that trained and dedicated internal fraud investigators work on-site can discourage employees from attempting illicit activities.
Visible punishment. The fear of being exposed as a thief serves as a deterrent for many would-be criminals. So, it makes sense to prosecute fraud perpetrators and publicize the results of internal investigations. But be sure you don’t include the names of perpetrators or case specifics that could help identify them.
Important: Consult legal advisors about any monitoring or surveillance plans before you begin watching or listening in on employees.
Warning About Monitoring Software
Some companies use software to monitor employees, particularly people who work from home. But be careful if you do this. You must first ask employees to acknowledge their activities will be monitored. Consider providing examples of the type of information your company can capture, such as a log of the systems accessed and the websites viewed.
Legal formalities aside, studies have found that businesses that treat their employees as untrustworthy risk alienating them. A recent Harvard Business Review article argued that certain controls, such as software that tracks keystrokes or takes screenshots as employees work, can encourage retaliatory behavior, including theft and sabotage. So, be sure to choose your fraud-fighting tools carefully.
Destroying The Fraud Triangle
You’ve probably heard of the “fraud triangle” — made up of pressure, opportunity, and rationalization. It’s generally considered to be present when someone commits fraud. Although knowledge of antifraud policies doesn’t alleviate pressure to steal, it does interfere with opportunity and rationalization. Employees realize there’s little opportunity to commit fraud and get away with it. And as long as you treat them respectfully and disclose information readily, they’ll have a harder time rationalizing any illicit acts. Contact us for advice on internal controls and other preventative tools.