Merging with, or acquiring, another company is one of the best ways to grow rapidly. You might be able to significantly boost revenue, literally overnight, by acquiring another business. In contrast, achieving a comparable rate of growth organically — by increasing sales of existing products and services or adding new product and service lines — can take years.
There are, of course, multiple factors to consider before making such a move. But your primary evaluative objective is to weigh the potential advantages against the risks.
Does it make sense?
On the plus side, an acquisition might enable your company to expand into new geographic areas and new customer segments more quickly and easily. You can do this via a horizontal acquisition (acquiring another company that is similar to yours) or a vertical acquisition (acquiring another company along your supply chain).
There also are some potential drawbacks to completing a merger or acquisition. It is a costly process from both financial and time-commitment perspectives. In a worst-case scenario, an ill-advised merger or acquisition could spell doom for a business that overextends itself financially or overreaches its functional capabilities.
Thus, you should determine how much the transaction will cost and how it will be financed before beginning the mergers and acquisitions (M&A) process. Also try to get an idea of how much time you and your key managers will have to spend on M&A-related tasks in the coming months — and how this could impact your existing operations.
You also will want to ensure that the cultures of the two merging businesses will be compatible. Mismatched corporate cultures have been the main cause of numerous failed mergers, including some high-profile megamergers. You will need to plan carefully for how two divergent cultures will be blended together.
Can you reduce the risks?
The best way to reduce the risk involved in buying another business is to perform solid due diligence on your acquisition target. Your objective should be to confirm claims made by the seller about the company’s financial condition, clients, contracts, employees, and management team.
The most important step in M&A due diligence is a careful examination of the company’s financial statements — specifically, the income statement, cash flow statement, and balance sheet. Also scrutinize the existing client base and client contracts (if any exist) because projected future earnings and cash flow will largely hinge on these.
Finally, try to get a good feel for the knowledge, skills, and experience possessed by the company’s employees and key managers. In some circumstances, you might consider offering key executives ownership shares if they will commit to staying with the company for a certain length of time after the merger.
Who can help?
The decision to merge with another business or acquire another company is rarely an easy one. We can help you perform the financial analyses and project the tax implications of any prospective deal to bring the idea better into focus.