Matt was a trusted long-term employee who, unfortunately, was deeply in debt. Recognizing that his company’s payroll controls were loose enough to be exploited, he put a ‘ghost’ employee, “Scott,” on the payroll, opened a bank account in Scott’s name, and arranged for direct deposit of Scott’s paychecks.
Although both Scott and Matt are fictitious, they have plenty of real-life counterparts. ‘Ghost’ employees go unnoticed in many companies because employees are trusted too much and internal controls are non-existent or only haphazardly applied.
Small businesses at risk
It may seem like it would be easier to hide ghost employees in large companies. In fact, small businesses, where a single employee may handle all the payroll accounting, are more vulnerable. In some cases, the perpetrator enlists a friend or relative to forge endorsements or deposit checks; in others, no assistance is necessary. The thief simply exploits weaknesses in the payroll system.
But ghost employees are just one way for dishonest employees to manipulate your payroll system. Perhaps the easiest scam to perpetrate is to overpay withholding or payroll taxes. The government sends a refund to your company, and the employee deposits it in an account in their name. Other methods of defrauding your payroll system include falsifying hours, increasing commission rates, and filing false workers’ compensation claims.
Follow the tracks
The good news is that payroll schemes usually leave traces. Look for:
- Paychecks with no tax or Social Security deductions
- Dual endorsements on paychecks
- Duplicate names, addresses, or Social Security numbers in payroll records
- Higher-than-budgeted payroll expenses
- Unusual spikes in the number of payroll checks presented for payment
To prevent this type of fraud, it is essential to segregate payroll duties. If one employee writes checks, reconciles statements, and keeps the books, that employee may be tempted to steal — particularly if that person feels overworked or underpaid.
You also might also consider outsourcing your payroll process. If that is not practical, make sure your computer system is secure and all records are password-protected and access-limited.
It is fairly easy to invent ghost employees and conjure up other payroll fraud schemes, but it also is easy to prevent and detect them. You just need to take control. We can help.