Have staffers complained because their expense reimbursements are taxed? An accountable plan can address the issue. Here is how accountable plans work and how they benefit employers and employees.
Under an accountable plan, reimbursement payments to employees will be free from federal income and employment taxes and are not subject to withholding from workers’ paychecks. In addition, your organization benefits because the reimbursements are not subject to the employer’s portion of federal employment taxes.
The IRS stipulates that all expenses covered in an accountable plan have a business connection and be ‘reasonable.’ Furthermore, employers cannot reimburse employees more than what they paid for any business expense. Employees must account to you for their expenses and, if an expense allowance was provided, return any excess allowance within a reasonable time period.
An expense generally qualifies as a tax-free reimbursement if it could otherwise qualify as a business deduction for the employee. For meals and entertainment, a plan may reimburse expenses at 100 percent that would be deductible by the employee at only 50 percent.
Keep good records
An accountable plan is not required to be in writing, but formally establishing one makes it easier for your non-profit to prove its validity to the IRS if it is challenged.
When administering your plan, your non-profit is responsible for identifying the reimbursement or expense payment and keeping these amounts separate from other amounts, such as wages. The accountable plan must reimburse expenses in addition to an employee’s regular compensation. No matter how informal your non-profit, you cannot substitute tax-free reimbursements for compensation that employees otherwise would have received.
The IRS also requires employers with accountable plans to keep good records for expenses that are reimbursed. This includes documentation of the amount of the expense and the date; place of the travel, meal or transportation; business purpose of the expense; and business relationship of the people fed. You also should require employees to submit receipts for any expenses of $75 or more and for all lodging, unless your non-profit uses a per diem plan.
Inexpensive retention tool
Accountable plans are relatively easy and inexpensive to set up and can help retain staffers who frequently submit reimbursement requests. Contact us for more information.