Agreed-Upon Procedures

Automating Your Accounting Department

Many businesses have adopted robotic process automation (RPA) or plan to do so in the future. While most RPA initiatives target ‘core’ business operations, routine accounting functions also can be automated to help lower costs and allow personnel to focus on higher-level analyses and strategic projects. Here is some insight into how to integrate RPA in your accounting department.

Paving the way

In general, RPA eliminates the need for manual (human) intervention. In the accounting department, automation software can assume control of such tasks as journal entries, bank reconciliations, and certain aspects of the budgeting and forecasting process. To begin automating your accounting department, follow these five preliminary steps:

  1. Inventory manual processes. Prepare a list of manual processes and rank them by complexity and the number of hours to administer them. This provides a prioritized list of RPA candidates. Select the most straightforward process to convert first.
  2. Standardize processes. RPA requires standardized tasks and processes. So, you will need to apply a standard approach to all transactions. Identify exceptions and scrutinize why they exist and how they can be eliminated.
  3. Focus on the source data. Accounting data often exists in different formats and locations, which does not facilitate RPA. So, you will need to centralize your accounting data using a consistent structure and format.
  4. Document requirements. Many types of RPA software solutions exist. Identify the functionality and capabilities you will need and use this list to screen potential providers.
  5. Conduct robust testing. Before relying on the output generated by RPA software, test the output to make sure it is accurate and reliable. Such testing should use statistically valid sampling techniques. You also will need to consider judgmental sampling procedures, which allows team members to select transactions based on their training and experience.

Right for your accounting department?

Throughout your organization, RPA can minimize data entry errors, reduce processing time, and lower costs. However, getting it to work in the accounting department takes some initial legwork and a fresh mindset. It also may affect the procedures a CPA performs when preparing your financial statements. Contact us for more information.

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