After insurance policies expire, many businesses just throw away the paper copies and delete the digital files. But you may need to produce evidence of certain kinds of insurance even after the coverage period has expired. For this reason, it is best to take a long-term approach to certain types of policies.
Generally, the policy types in question are called ‘occurrence-based.’ They include:
- General liability
- Umbrella liability
- Commercial auto
- Commercial crime & theft
You should retain documentation of occurrence-based policies permanently (or as long as your business is operating). A good example of why is in cases of embezzlement. Employee fraud of this kind may be covered under a commercial crime and theft policy. However, embezzlement sometimes is not uncovered until years after the crime has taken place.
For instance, suppose that, during an audit, you learn an employee was embezzling funds three years ago. But the policy that covered this type of theft has since expired. To receive an insurance payout, you would need to produce the policy documents to prove that coverage was in effect when the crime occurred.
Retaining insurance documentation long-term is not necessary for every type of policy. Under ‘claims-made’ insurance, such as directors and officers liability and professional liability, claims can be made against the insured business only during the policy period and during a ‘tail period’ following the policy’s expiration. A commonly used retention period for claims-made policies is about six years after the tail period expires.
Along with permanently retaining proof of occurrence-based policies, it is a good idea to at least consider employment practices liability insurance (EPLI). These policies protect businesses from employee claims of legal rights violations at the hands of their employers. Sexual harassment is one type of violation that is covered under most EPLI policies and such claims can arise years after the alleged crime occurred.
As is the case with occurrence-based coverage, if an employee complaint of sexual harassment arises after an EPLI policy has expired — but the alleged incident occurred while coverage was in effect — you may have to produce proof of coverage to receive a payout. So, you should retain EPLI documentation permanently as well.
Better safe than sorry
You cannot necessarily rely on your insurer to retain expired policies or readily locate them. It is better to be safe than sorry by keeping some insurance policies in either paper or digital format for the long term. This is the best way to ensure that you will receive insurance payouts for events that happened while coverage was still in effect. Our firm can help you assess the proper retention periods of your insurance policies, as well as whether they are providing optimal value for your company.